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章明,莫羚卉子,秦曙.城市基础设施复合化策略研究与实践路径:以深圳龙城公园活力谷为例[J].风景园林,2024,31(8):1-10.
引用本文: 章明,莫羚卉子,秦曙.城市基础设施复合化策略研究与实践路径:以深圳龙城公园活力谷为例[J].风景园林,2024,31(8):1-10.
ZHANG M, MO L H Z, QIN S. Strategy Research and Practice Approach for Urban Infrastructure Integration: A Case Study of Vitality Valley in Shenzhen Longcheng Park[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(8): 1-10.
Citation: ZHANG M, MO L H Z, QIN S. Strategy Research and Practice Approach for Urban Infrastructure Integration: A Case Study of Vitality Valley in Shenzhen Longcheng Park[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(8): 1-10.

城市基础设施复合化策略研究与实践路径——以深圳龙城公园活力谷为例

Strategy Research and Practice Approach for Urban Infrastructure Integration: A Case Study of Vitality Valley in Shenzhen Longcheng Park

  • 摘要:
    目的 探讨城市基础设施复合化的策略与方法路径,研究如何在城市基础设施更新中实现高效、可持续的发展。
    方法/过程 采用案例研究的方法,以深圳龙城公园活力谷项目为研究对象,分析其在土地利用集约化、空间提升景观化以及资源协调系统化方面的实践策略和方法。
    结果/结论 研究发现,城市基础设施复合化的关键在于土地利用集约化、空间提升景观化以及资源协调系统化。深圳龙城公园活力谷项目通过优化土地利用,实施景观化策略,实现了基础设施与城市景观的协调统一;通过合理配置资源,提高了基础设施建设和城市发展的效率。该项目的成功实践证明,城市基础设施复合化策略不仅能提升城市空间品质,还能实现高效、可持续的发展目标,为其他城市基础设施更新提供了可行的参考路径。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective Taking the Vitality Valley in Shenzhen Longcheng Park as an example, this research investigates the strategies and practical approaches for urban infrastructure integration. The aim is to explore methods to enhance land use efficiency, ecological restoration, and resource optimization in urban development.
    Methods/process  The research attempts to explore the practical approaches for urban infrastructure integration and validate the outcomes of such integration. The synergies deriving from the integration outcomes can help optimize land use, enhance public space networks, and improve overall urban quality, thus establishing a foundation for future urban renewal. The Vitality Valley in Shenzhen Longcheng Park (hereinafter referred to as the “Vitality Valley”) is situated in the mountainous southwest of Shenzhen Longcheng Park. Initially a subway depot site, the Vitality Valley project successfully transforms a damaged natural environment into a vibrant urban space. The project tackles the challenge of reconnecting urban spaces disrupted by the depot’s large roof. Instead of restoring the excavated mountain, the design team integrates road networks and functional layouts, fostering urban interaction and reversing the current status of single function of urban infrastructure. The Vitality Valley embodies this exploration, which can help achieve urban openness and organic space-function fusion. The Vitality Valley project mainly involves the following strategies. 1) Ownership integration: Mixing land use, ownership, and physical space is crucial. Shenzhen’s policies support mixed-use land, which can promote the improvement of urban infrastructure. The project blends parkland, transit, and depot functions, with its underground part being owned by Shenzhen Metro and aboveground part by the Urban Administration and Law Enforcement Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality, demonstrating functional transformation. 2) Spatial integration: Building overpasses connect the project to the urban core, overcoming structural and administrative challenges. These bridges break spatial isolation and facilitate city − park interaction. The vertical design of the project site incorporates existing structures, optimizing usage and enhancing connectivity, and turning the depot roof into an accessible public realm. 3) Functional integration: The project integrates transport, sports, and leisure functions, creating a multi-level park with diverse facilities like sports fields, children’s play areas, and elderly activity zones. This functional blend enriches urban life, promoting inclusive public services and social sustainability. Smart systems and low-maintenance features optimize long-term usability and enhance user experience. 4) Grey − green integration: Natural elements are reintroduced to repair environmental damage. Utilizing terraced gardens, shade corridors, and green valleys, the project restores local ecological balance. Thoughtful plant selection and soil management ensure safety and functionality, transforming grey infrastructure into naturalized public spaces. Overall, the Vitality Valley project exemplifies urban infrastructure integration, creating a multifunctional, interconnected, and sustainable urban environment. The design strategies and their successful implementation offer a model for future urban renewal, which emphasizes the importance of integrated, adaptive, and user-centric approaches in modern urban planning.
    Results/conclusion  The exploration of urban infrastructure integration involves mechanisms aimed at enhancing land use efficiency, ecological restoration, and optimized resource allocation to achieve sustainable urban development with higher quality. The strategy is analyzed from three key aspects. 1) Intensified land use: This approach addresses the scarcity of land resources in rapidly developing cities by integrating and efficiently planning land use. Historical trends in China, such as the “paid transfer” of land use rights, have accelerated urbanization, with a notable increase in the area of land allocated to infrastructure. Policy measures implemented from 2007 to 2012 emphasize economical and intensive land use, including the development of aboveground and underground spaces and the reuse of underutilized lands. Intensive land use, focusing on economic efficiency, remains a crucial evaluation criterion in design practices, particularly in green infrastructure and transportation planning. This contributes to multifunctional development that enhances urban resource productivity, creates synergistic benefits, improves spatial quality, and mitigates the “NIMBY (not in my back yard)” effect. 2) Landscape enhancement: Following the unification of planning functions under the Ministry of Natural Resources, ecological planning has been integrated into top-level designs. Landscape strategies in infrastructure renewal projects aim to restore and harmonize with the urban landscape, which is crucial for repairing ecological damage caused by urbanization. Infrastructure landscape enhancement aligns with landscape urbanism, and thus can create artificial terrains that improve or add urban services, and integrate various urban systems. Examples include landscape design in water management, rainwater treatment, and flood prevention infrastructure. The transformation of infrastructural “grey spaces” into aesthetic and functional landscapes, such as the utilization of space under elevated highways, is a common practice. 3) Systematic resource coordination: This aspect reflects changes in spatial resource allocation modes in the era of stock planning. Effective urban resource allocation cannot be entirely market-driven and requires public intervention. Policies since 2012 have supported the efficient use of existing land, with transportation infrastructure being a key focus due to its high land demand and social impact. The integration of multiple functions into infrastructure, coupled with increased public participation, promotes social equity and public welfare. This gives birth to infrastructure designs that accommodate more social services, creating a more interconnected urban space. The Vitality Valley project exemplifies the practical application of these integration strategies. The project addresses the need for urban openness, functional diversity, and ecological restoration within the constraints of existing infrastructure. It utilizes intensive land use, landscape enhancement, and systematic resource coordination to create a multifunctional public space that enhances urban connectivity and ecological health. The project incorporates strategies like mixed land use, ownership integration, and spatial reconfiguration. These strategies can ensure the efficient use of land, improve public space quality, and provide diverse services to communities. The landscape design integrates ecological principles to repair the environment and enhance the urban experience. Overall, urban infrastructure integration aims to create synergistic effects through interdisciplinary collaboration and integrated planning, thus enhancing urban functionality, sustainability, and livability. The success of such projects depends on coordinated efforts among various stakeholders and the continuous adaptation of policies to support these integrated approaches.

     

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