CN 11-5366/S     ISSN 1673-1530
“风景园林,不只是一本期刊。”
罗丹,张沂珊,洪竞科.基于在线地图路径循迹的山地城市绿色开放空间步行可达性衰减[J].风景园林,2024,31(7):1-8.
引用本文: 罗丹,张沂珊,洪竞科.基于在线地图路径循迹的山地城市绿色开放空间步行可达性衰减[J].风景园林,2024,31(7):1-8.
LUO D, ZHANG Y S, HONG J K. Research on the Walking Accessibility Attenuation of Green Open Space in Mountainous Cities Based on Web Map Path Tracking[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(7): 1-8.
Citation: LUO D, ZHANG Y S, HONG J K. Research on the Walking Accessibility Attenuation of Green Open Space in Mountainous Cities Based on Web Map Path Tracking[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(7): 1-8.

基于在线地图路径循迹的山地城市绿色开放空间步行可达性衰减

Research on the Walking Accessibility Attenuation of Green Open Space in Mountainous Cities Based on Web Map Path Tracking

  • 摘要:
    目的 精准客观地评估山地城市绿色开放空间的步行可达性,揭示实际可达性与理论可达性之间的衰减状态,为山地绿色开放空间服务能力优化提升提供依据与参考。
    方法 以重庆市渝中区为研究范围,依托ArcGIS平台和高德地图应用程序接口(application programming interface, API),引入路径循迹法,从实际步行路径出发量化可达性,并通过对比实际可达性与理论可达性来分析城市整体及绿色开放空间的可达性衰减状态。
    结果 1)渝中区绿色开放空间步行可达范围整体衰减面积比为43.19%,且5 min、10 min、15 min阈值内可达范围的衰减面积比分别为32.12%、46.49%、46.30%;2)绿色开放空间衰减程度不均衡,衰减程度大于60%的绿色开放空间有16个,衰减程度最高为87.71%;3)山顶、各级台层和滨江楔形绿色开放空间的高衰减比例相对更高。
    结论 进一步从选址、环境和本体3个方面总结衰减原因,并从步行可达性视角提出增量、串联、渗透的山地城市绿色开放空间优化建议,为客观评估山地城市绿色开放空间步行可达性提供思路,对山地城市绿色开放空间服务效能提升具有重要的现实意义。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective Green open space serves as a main carrier for daily leisure and entertainment of urban residents, and is closely related to the construction of urban livable environment and the improvement of residents’ quality of life. However, in mountain cities with unique urban texture and spatial pattern due to the restriction of such factors as landform and construction conditions, the walking system is closely integrated with the undulating terrain, posing many challenges to the planning and construction of green open space. For mountain cities, the walking accessibility is relatively limited, the actual walking accessibility of green open space is inferior to the theoretical accessibility, and the traditional methods for accessibility measurement may not take effect, resulting in the lack of green open space in the real life of residents. In view of this, it is necessary to improve the accuracy of quantitative evaluation of accessibility in mountain cities. In fact, accurately and objectively measuring the walking accessibility of urban green open space and revealing the difference between actual accessibility and theoretical accessibility are the key to optimizing and improving the service capability of green open space in mountainous areas.
    Methods Taking Yuzhong District in Chongqing as an example, this research, based on ArcGIS platform and Amap application programming interface (API), develops a new quantitative accessibility evaluation method termed “path tracking method” with reference to the path buffer method proposed by previous scholars. Then the research compares the evaluation results of the path tracking method and the network analysis method to differentially identify the areas with accessibility attenuation, which helps more clearly and accurately reflect the spatial problems under the influence of mountain conditions. After that, the research discusses the gap between the theoretical and practical use of green open space. Specifically, the path tracking method uses python-based self-programmed code to obtain the walking path trajectory data from the green open space entrance to the building entrance in batches, unify the geographical coordinate system and carry out visual analysis, set the buffer range at both sides and end point of the path as 10 meters and 30 meters respectively, and obtain the accessible range of 5, 10 and 15 minutes.
    Results The walkability evaluation results of green open space in Yuzhong District show that: 1) the evaluation results of the two methods reflect similar spatial distribution, that is, there exist large-sized service blind areas in the southwest and the periphery of Yuzhong District; 2) comparing the evaluation results of the two methods, it is found that the walkability of green space in Yuzhong District decreases by 43.19%, and the accessibility attenuation areas within the threshold of 5 minutes, 10 minutes and 15 minutes account for 32.12%, 46.49% and 46.30%, respectively; 3) the longer the actual walking distance, the greater the attenuation of accessibility; the attenuation area within the 5 min threshold is mostly located at the entrance of green open space and complex three-dimensional traffic area, and the attenuation area within the 10/15 min threshold is mostly distributed along the terrain or road trend; the insufficient pedestrian permeability of blocks may also lead to the attenuation of accessibility; 4) the accessibility attenuation varies among different research objects, of which 16 objects have an attenuation degree greater than 60%, and Kowloon Bund Park has the largest attenuation degree with an attenuation ratio of 87.71%; 5) in order to further analyze the correlation between mountain spatial characteristics and accessibility attenuation, the green open spaces are divided into five types according to their geographical locations, among which the hilltop, platform-based and riverside wedge-shaped green open spaces have a higher degree of attenuation; 6) factors affecting the accessibility attenuation of green open space in mountain cities include location factors, environmental factors and ontology factors.
    Conclusion Finally, based on the above analysis, the research puts forward optimization suggestions for the planning and construction of green open space in mountain cities from the perspective of walking accessibility. These suggestions include increasing the total amount and service efficiency of green open spaces by siting them on the mountain, connecting different vertical levels of green open space through the slow walking system, and guiding residents to visit green open space through the permeability of the interface thereof. This research provides an objective method for evaluating the walkability of green open space in mountain cities, with the evaluation results being more in line with the actual situation compared with other relevant methods, and points out the shortcomings of existing methods and indicators, which has important practical significance for improving the service efficiency of green open space in mountain cities. Meanwhile, the individual subjective factors of residents and the attractiveness of green open space can be further considered in future research, and the evaluation method and influence mechanism of multi-dimensional accessibility can be further explored, so as to provide scientific basis for the evaluation of mountainous urban space and reference for the future planning and construction of mountainous urban space.

     

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