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城市自然景观与市民心理健康:关键议题
姜斌
香港大学
摘要:
首先对心理健康进行了定义,并指出心理健康问题是当前城市健康危机的关键内容,也是常常被政府和大众忽略的问题。研究发现城市环境的品质对市民心理健康水平有着显著且持续的影响,指出自然景观对于守护和提升市民心理健康有多方面的积极效应,继而对6个方面的重要议题进行了探讨并提出相关的研究和设计建议。它们包括:工作场所的自然景观、教育场所的自然景观、空间压迫与天空景观、自然声景观的主动营造、崇高的自然景观体验、自然景观疗愈重大心理创伤。
关键词:  风景园林  心理健康  城市环境  自然景观  景观设计
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2020.09.0017.07
分类号:TU986.2
基金项目:
Urban Natural Landscape and Citizens’ Mental Health: Key Issues
JIANG Bin
University of Hong Kong
Abstract:
This article first introduces the concept of mental health. Mental health problem is a crucial part of the current public health crisis in cities, and it is often underestimated by the governments and the public. Studies reported the quality of urban environments has significant and enduring impacts on urban dwellers’ mental health. Further, the article points out that contact with nature has multiple positive impacts on protecting and promoting urban dwellers’ mental health. Then, the article makes a discussion on six critical issues and provides relevant research and design recommendations. Those issues include: natural landscape in working places, natural landscape in educational places, spatial oppressiveness and sky landscape, active design of soundscape, experience of sublime natural landscape, restorative effect of natural landscape on major post-traumatic stress disorders.
Key words:  landscape architecture  mental health  urban environment  natural landscape  landscape design
引用本文:姜斌.城市自然景观与市民心理健康:关键议题[J].风景园林,2020,27(9):17-23.
JIANG Bin.Urban Natural Landscape and Citizens’ Mental Health: Key Issues[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2020, 27(9):17-23.